In this paper we analyzed some of the phonological rules of Russian loanword adaptation in Persian, on the view of Optimal Theory (OT) (Prince and Smolensky, 1993, 2003). It is the first study of phonological process on Russian loanwords adaptation in Persian. By gathering about 50 current Russian loanwords, we selected some of them to analyze. We found out that vowel insertion, vowel prothesis, no palatalized consonants are the phonological processes occur on Russian loanwords in Persian.
Anvari, H. (2006). Sokhan Persian Dictionary, Tehran: Sokhan.
Broselow, E. (1999). “Loanwords and learn ability”, Handout of a talk given at the University of Maryland, 3 December 1999.
Catford, J. C. (1992). A Practical Introduction to Phonetics, UK: Oxford University Press.
Gouskova, M., and Hall, N. (2001). “Falling sonority onsets, loanwords, and syllable contact”, CLS, 37 (1), pp.175-185.
Hock, H. H., and Joseph, B. D. (1996). Language History, Language Change, & Language Relationship: An Introduction to Historical & Comparative Linguistics, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Jam, B. (2009). Optimality Theory & its Application in Explaining Phonological Processes of Persian, unpublished PhD Thesis in Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Kager, R. (1999). Optimality Theory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kambuziya, A. K. Z. (2006). “Criticism and Correlation of Mohammad Reza Majidi and Elmar Terner’s Paper”, Language and Linguistics, vol.2, no.1, Iranian linguistics society, pp. 109-118.
Kambuziya, A. K. Z., and Hadian, B. (2010). “Natural classes in Persian vowels”, Persian Literature and Language Research, Vol.15, pp. 117-144.
---------------------------. (2006). Phonology Rule-Based Approaches & Their Applications in Persian, Iran: Samt.
Kenstowicz, M. (1994). Phonology in Generative Grammar, UK: Blackwell.
-----------------. (2001/4). “The Role of Perception in Loanword Phonology”, to appear in Linguistique africaine 20 and Studies in African Linguistics 32, pp. 95-112.
McCarthy, J. J. (2008). Doing Optimality Theory; Applying Theory to Data, UK: Blackwell.
------------------. (2004).Optimality Theory in Phonology, a Reader, UK: Blackwell.
Moien, M. (2002). Moien Persian Dictionary, Tehran: Sahel.
Khanlari, N. (1995). Persian Poem’s Metric, Iran: Toos.
Paradis, C. (1996). “The inadequacy of filters and faithfulness in loan word adaptation”, in Durand, J. and Laks, B. (eds.), Current Trends in Phonology: Models and Methods,Vol. 2, Salford: European Studies Research Institute, available as ROA-157 from the Rutgers Optimality Archive, pp. 509-534.
Prince, A., and Smolensky, P. (2004). Optimality Theory: Constraint Interaction in Grammar, UK: Blackwell.
Sadeghi, A. (2004). “Russian origin words in Persian and their history”, Linguistics Journal, 40, Tehran, Iran: Iran University Press, pp. 3-46.
Samareh, Y. (2002). Persian Phonetics, Tehran, Iran: Nashre Daneshgahi.
Steriade, D. (2002). The phonology of Perceptibility effects: The P-map & its concequences for constraint organization. Unpublished manuscript, UCLA. Retrieved September 6, 2005, from: http://www.linguistics.ucla.edu/people/ steraide/papers/p-map for phonology.doc
Uffmann, C. (2007). “Intrusive [r] & optimal epenthetic consonants”, Language Sciences, 29, pp. 451-476, available at: www.sciencedirect.com.
Zomorodiyan, R. (1984). Dictionairedes mots d’emprunt d’origine Europee nne en Persan, Mashhad, Iran: Astan Qods Razavi.